Re:map remap Gem Maintainability Test Coverage

Re:map; an expressive and feature-rich data transformer written in Ruby 3. It gives the developer the expressive power of JSONPath, without the hassle of using strings. Its compiler is written on top of an immutable, primitive data structure utilizing ruby’s refinements & pattern matching capabilities – making it blazingly fast

Quick start

``` ruby require “remap”

class Mapper < Remap::Base option :date # <= Custom required value

define do # Fixed values set :description, to: value(“This is a description”)

# Semi-dynamic values
set :date, to: option(:date)

# Required rules
get :friends do
  each do
    # Post processors
    map(:name, to: :id).then do
      "#{value.upcase}!"
    end

    # Field conditions
    get?(:age).if do |age|
      (30..50).cover?(age)
    end

    # Map to a finite set of values
    get :phones do
      each do
        map.enum do
          from "iPhone", to: "iOS"
          value "iOS", "Android"

          otherwise "Unknown"
        end
      end
    end
  end
end

# Composable mappers
class Linux < Remap::Base
  define do
    get :kernel
  end
end

class Windows < Remap::Base
  define do
    get :price
  end
end

# Embed mappers
to :os do
  map :computer, :operating_system do
    embed Linux | Windows
  end
end

# Wrapping values in arrays
to :houses do
  wrap :array do
    map :house
  end
end

# Nested paths ($.cars[*].model)
map :cars, all, :model, to: :cars

# Or using the #each iterator
map :cars do
  each do
    map :model, to: :cars
  end
end   end end ```

Input hash to be mapped

ruby input = { house: "100kvm", friends: [ { name: "Lisa", age: 20, phones: ["iPhone"] }, { name: "Jane", age: 40, phones: ["Samsung"] } ], computer: { operating_system: { kernel: :latest } }, cars: [ { owners: [ { name: "John" } ] } ] }

The expected mapped output

ruby output = { friends: [ { id: "LISA!", phones: ["iOS"] }, { age: 40, id: "JANE!", phones: ["Unknown"] } ], description: "This is a description", cars: [{ owners: ["John"] }], houses: ["100kvm"], date: Date.today, os: { kernel: :latest } }

Invoking the mapper with input and the date option

ruby Mapper.call(input, date: Date.today) # => output

Installation

Add remap to your Gemfile

``` ruby # Use Github as source source “https://rubygems.pkg.github.com/oleander” do gem “remap” end

Or Rubygems

gem “remap” ```

Then run bundle install

Introduction

To create a mapper, inherit from Remap::Base and define your rules using define.

``` ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base define do # rules goes here end end

Mapper.call(input) ```

Or use define method directly on the Remap module

``` ruby mapper = Remap.define do # rules goes here end

mapper.call(input) ```

The easiest way to get started is using map. map transform a value from one path to another.

ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base define do map :name, to: :nickname end end

To invoke the mapper, call Mapper.call with any input, i.e

ruby Mapper.call({ name: "John" }) # => { nickname: "John" }

If the input data doesn’t match the defined rule, an exception will be thrown explaining what went wrong and where. To prevent this, you can pass a block to .call. The mapper will yield failures to the block instead of raising an error.

ruby Mapper.call({ something: "value" }) do |failure| # ... end

Use map?, to? and get? to map partial data structures.

ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base define do map? :key1 map? :key2 end end

If one of the two rules succeeds, the mapper returns a value.

ruby Mapper.call({ key1: "value1" }) # ="value1" Mapper.call({ key2: "value2" }) # ="value2"

If none of the rules succeeds, the mapper invokes the error block.

ruby Mapper.call({ nope: "value" }) do |failure| # ... end

Rules can be expressed in a variety of ways to best fit the problem at hand.

The following rules yields the same output

``` ruby # Flat map map :person, :name, to: :first_name

Flat to

to :first_name, map: [:person, :name]

Nested map

map :person do map :name do to :first_name end end

Nested to

to :first_name do map :person do map :name end end ```

To select a value and its path, use get, or get?.

``` ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base define do get :person end end

Mapper.call({ person: “John” }) # => { person: “John” } ```

Use each when iterating over arrays and hashes.

``` ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base define do map :people do each do map :name end end end end

Mapper.call({ people: [{ name: “John” }, { name: “Jane” }] }) # => [“John”, “Jane”] ```

Selectors

Use the all selector as part of the path instead of each.

all is similar to JSONPath’s [*] selector

ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base define do map :people, all, :name end end

first selects the first element in an array and last the last element.

first & last is similar to JSONPath’s [0] [-1] selectors

``` ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base define do map :people do map first, :name, to: :name end end end

Mapper.call({ people: [{ name: “John” }] }) # => { name: “John” } ```

Callbacks

Selected values can easily be processed before being returned using call-backs.

See Remap::Rule::Map for more information

``` ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base using Extensions::Hash

define do map :people, all do # Pass a proc map(:name).then(&:upcase)

  # Or pass a block
  map(:name).then do
    value.upcase
  end

  # Manually skip a mapping using skip!
  map(:name).then do
    skip!
  end

  # Add conditions
  map?(:name).if do
    value.include?("John")
  end

  map?(:name).if_not do
    value.include?("Lisa")
  end

  # Pending mappings
  map(:name).pending("I'll do this later")

  # Define rules for a finite set of values
  map(:name).enum do
    from "John", to: "Joe"
    value "Lisa", "Jane"
    otherwise "Unknown"
  end

  # Get is defined by the Remap::Extensions::Hash refinement
  # and allows for a path to be passed. If the path is missing,
  # the rule will be ignored in the case of `map?` and `map`
  # a detailed error message will be thrown with a detailed path
  map(:name).then do
    value.get(:a, :b)
  end
end   end end ```

The callback context has access to the following values

  • value current value
  • element - defined by each
  • index defined by each
  • key defined by to, map and each on hashes
  • values & input yields the mapper input
  • mapper the current mapper

ruby class Person < Remap::Base define do get :person do get(:name) get(:age).if do values.get(:person, :name) == "John" end end end end

See Remap::State::Extension#execute for more details

Fixed & semi-fixed values

A mapper can require options using the option method. An option can be referenced from within callbacks and via set.

``` ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base option :code

define do set :secret, to: option(:code)

# Access {code} inside a callback
map(:pin_code, to: :seed).then do |pin|
  code**pin
end   end end ```

The second argument to Mapper.call takes a hash and is used as options for the mapper.

ruby Mapper.call({ pin_code: 1234 }, code: 5678) # => { secret: 5678, seed: 3.2*10^10 }

set can also take a fixed value using the value method

``` ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base define do set :api_key, to: value(“ABC-123”) end end

Mapper.call(input) # => { api_key: “ABC-123” } ```

Type casting

wrap allows output values to be type casts into an array.

``` ruby class Mapper < Remap::Base define do to :names do wrap(:array) do map :name end end end end

Mapper.call({ name: “John” }) # ={ names: [“John”] } ```

Operators

Mappers can be composed using the | (or), & (and) and ^ (xor) operators. Composed mappers can then be embedded into other mappers using embed.

``` ruby class Bicycle < Remap::Base contract do required(:gears) required(:brand) end

define do to :bicycle end end

class Car < Remap::Base contract do required(:hybrid) required(:fuel) end

define do to :car end end

class Vehicle < Remap::Base define do each do embed Bicycle | Car end end end

Vehicle.call([ { gears: 3, brand: “Rose” }, { hybrid: false, fuel: “Petrol” } ]) # => [{ bicycle: { gears: 3, brand: “Rose” } }, { car: { hybrid: false, fuel: “Petrol” } }] ```

Error handling

TODO

Constructors

TODO

Schemas & rules

TODO